The deposition of plaque in the coronary arteries is referred to as atherosclerosis. The existence of this hazardous condition may mean that the correct amount of blood does not enter the heart. A heart attack is likely when this occurs.Check out Pulse Vascular for more info.
It’s crucial that you pay attention to any warning signs of atherosclerosis, because this problem is so serious. Having unusual chest pain during exercise or intense physical activity is one indicator of a possible problem. This form of pain in the chest is known as angina and is a red flag that a blocked artery may have.
You will most likely be referred to a cardiologist to discuss vascular surgery if your doctor decides that you have blocked arteries. Angioplasty is the kind of vascular surgery that treats this disorder, and there are many variants available.
The use of a catheter with a small, ballooned tip at its end includes balloon angioplasty. The balloon is inflated to create open space in the blocked region until the surgeon positions the tip at the right location inside the artery. To allow sufficient blood flow to the heart, the artery is essentially stretched open.
The use of a stent, which is a thin piece of metal mesh tubing, is introduced by a variant of this vascular surgery. In these procedures, the stent is inserted into the troubled artery using a catheter. Again the tip of the balloon is inflated, which helps the stent to expand gently. This stent serves as a device of support for the artery and keeps it open at an appropriate size so that blood can flow properly. After the balloon and surgical instruments are eliminated, the stent remains there. The artery repairs itself around the stent within several weeks. A special form of metal tubing that holds prescription drugs can be inserted in patients that are at high risk of recurrence.
A catheter with an acorn-shaped tip is used during the rotablation variant of the procedure. At a high velocity, the diamond-coated tip flips around and extracts plaque build-up on the artery walls. The plaque is flushed by flowing blood safely and naturally from the site and subsequently filtered by the liver and spleen.
Another variation of an angioplasty requiring the use of a modified catheter that has both a balloon and blades on it is an atherectomy.